Migraine

Migraine

What is it?

A migraine is often described as an excruciatingly painful headache that is often accompanied by sensitivity to light and sound, and nausea.

Women experience migraines three times more frequently than men.

Causes

Migraines are caused by changes in the brain that scientists believe are inherited abnormalities in certain cells in the brain. However many things can trigger a migraine, such as stress, anxiety, lack of sleep or food, exposure to light or hormonal changes.

Symptoms

The symptoms of a migraine include;

  • Intense throbbing or pounding in the forehead, temple, ear, jaw around the eye or over the whole head
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Aura – flashing lights, zigzag lines, temporary loss of vision
  • Speech difficulty
  • Weakness in an arm or leg
  • Tingling in the hands or face
  • Confusion
  • Mood changes
  • Fluid retention

 
Treatment

There is no specific treatment for migraines, but preventing symptoms by avoiding triggers is most important. It may also be helpful to relieve any stress you are experiencing. Additionally;

  • Rest in a quiet, dark area
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehyration if you have been vomiting
  • Place a cool cloth on your head

Medication is also available, so speak with your GP about appropriate medication for you.

*Sourced from: www.prevention.com and Medline Plus.

**Please note these are general recommendations only, and are not intended to replace the advice of your doctor, health practitioner or pharmacist. We highly recommend that you contact your preferred medical practitioner for further testing if symptoms persist.

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